Most popular countries and ministries issue polici

2022-07-30
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Recently, the national development and Reform Commission and other ministries and commissions issued a series of policies to encourage independent innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises, strengthen energy conservation and emission reduction, and inject new vitality into the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. UnionPay believes that in the era of economic globalization in which multinational large enterprises are increasingly favored, the voice of the rise of small and medium-sized enterprises is also growing

the report of the 17th National Congress clearly stated that we should promote fair access, improve financing conditions, remove institutional barriers, and promote the development of the individual, private economy and small and medium-sized enterprises. However, for a long time, SMEs have been subject to many restrictions in terms of policy access and financial support, and their enthusiasm has not been brought into full play

recently, the national development and Reform Commission and other ministries and commissions issued a series of policies to encourage independent innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises, strengthen energy conservation and emission reduction, and inject new vitality into the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. Does this mean that small and medium-sized enterprises will rise as a group in the spring breeze of a new round of policies

The status of small and medium-sized enterprises in the national economy since the reform and opening up, China's small and medium-sized enterprises have achieved rapid, healthy and sustainable development. Statistics show that at present, China's small and medium-sized enterprises have reached 42million (including individual industrial and commercial households), accounting for more than 99% of the total number of enterprises, and only 1% of the real large enterprises. At present, small and medium-sized enterprises have become an important force in China's economic and social development. Statistics show that the value of final products and services created by small and medium-sized enterprises is equivalent to about 60% of the country's GDP for graphene commercialization, and the taxes paid are about 50% of the country's total tax revenue, providing more than 75% of urban jobs

at present, 65% of China's invention patents, 74% of technological innovation and more than 80% of new product development are completed by small and medium-sized enterprises. However, the investment of small and medium-sized enterprises in technology research and development can often reach 10% of their income, but they have no choice but to have a small plate. They always feel that it is a drop in the bucket, and the industrialization of technology must be backed by funds

although the status of small and medium-sized enterprises is becoming increasingly important, many times they are still "vulnerable groups", especially when financing and entering certain specific industries are subject to many restrictions. At present, small and medium-sized enterprises still face many difficulties and problems in independent innovation, the most prominent of which is the difficulty of financing

Ouxinqian, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, pointed out at the National Work Conference on small and medium-sized enterprises that small and medium-sized enterprises have become a new force in China's national economy, playing an increasingly important role in promoting the adjustment, optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, opening up markets and promoting foreign cooperation

the relevant departments and units of the central government have successively promulgated the law on the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises, the opinions of the State Council on encouraging, supporting and guiding the development of the private and non-public economy and 33 supporting documents. The central and local governments have abolished and revised more than 6000 rules and documents that are inconsistent with the spirit of the "36 articles on non-public economy"

in order to comprehensively improve the independent innovation capability of small and medium-sized enterprises, 12 ministries and commissions including the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of Finance and the State Intellectual Property Office jointly formulated several policies on supporting technological innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises (hereinafter referred to as the "policies"), which include encouraging independent innovation of enterprises, strengthening investment and financing support for technological innovation, establishing a technological innovation service system We will improve safeguard measures to encourage and support innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises. Article 6 of the policy proposes to improve the innovation ability by accelerating the informatization construction of small and medium-sized enterprises: encourage small and medium-sized enterprises to use modern information technology to improve their management level and enhance their technological innovation ability; Encourage information technology suppliers, service providers and intermediary service institutions to provide technical support and related services for the informatization of small and medium-sized enterprises; Encourage the establishment of information public service platforms for small and medium-sized enterprises, and promote the application of information technology in small and medium-sized enterprises

with regard to the difficulty of innovative financing of small and medium-sized enterprises, the policy stipulates that financial institutions and venture capital companies should increase their support for small and medium-sized enterprises. At the same time, it is proposed in Article 16 of the policy to encourage small and medium-sized enterprises to go public for financing: support and promote qualified small and medium-sized enterprises to go public on the small and medium-sized enterprise board; Vigorously promote the institutional innovation of the SME board, and accelerate the listing process of technology-based SMEs and SMEs with independent intellectual property rights; When conditions are ripe, the growth enterprise market shall be established

however, experts also stressed that the policy is still insufficient. For example, the state has launched the national enterprise technology center system to support enterprise innovation, but the threshold seems to have not been lowered for small and medium-sized enterprises. It is still difficult for small and medium-sized enterprises to apply for the national enterprise technology center. Therefore, it is still difficult for small and medium-sized enterprises to enjoy the preferential policy in this regard. It is noted that, along with the introduction of the policy, there is also the notice on organizing the implementation of the special project for innovation capacity building of enterprise technology centers in 2008 issued by the general office of the national development and Reform Commission. The strength of the special project is real and visible, but many small and medium-sized enterprises can only be "enthusiastic" on one side

the notice of the national development and Reform Commission on doing a good job in displaying constant temperature time energy and emission reduction for small and medium-sized enterprises (hereinafter referred to as the notice) issued recently requires us to accelerate the development of energy-saving and emission reduction technologies and vigorously promote common energy-saving and emission reduction technologies. According to the characteristics of small and medium-sized enterprises, accelerate the development of key and common technologies for energy conservation and emission reduction, and promote the establishment of an energy conservation and emission reduction technology innovation and achievement transformation system with enterprises as the main body and the combination of industry, University and research. We will promote the development of the service sector and technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises and optimize the industrial structure. We will vigorously encourage the development of small and medium-sized scientific and technological enterprises in the fields of information technology, engineering and scientific instruments, bioengineering, new energy and energy conservation technologies, and new technologies for environmental protection, so as to accelerate the development of high-tech industries

UnionPay letter analysis:

UnionPay letter believes that the frequent and intensive policies of the national development and Reform Commission will be deployed in accordance with the unified 1 deployment of the national new material industry development leading group. Although there will be no substantial financial support in the short term, the policy guidance signal released is obvious. In fact, in recent years, the policy environment for small and medium-sized enterprises has been constantly optimized, and a social atmosphere for promoting the healthy development of small and medium-sized enterprises is taking shape

small and medium-sized enterprises have become an important part of China's economy. Compared with large enterprises with abundant funds, small and medium-sized enterprises are at a disadvantage. Therefore, the government should give necessary support to curb monopoly and promote fair competition

UnionPay believes that the development and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises are inseparable from the following points:

national policies

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