How to cultivate the logistics market

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How to cultivate logistics market

basic theory of logistics and logistics market

basic meaning of logistics

"logistics" refers to the physical flow process of goods from the place of supply to the place of receipt. Logistics industry refers to the economic activities and their collection that occur to realize the flow of goods from the supply place to the receiving place. These economic activities refer to transportation, warehousing, loading and unloading, handling, packaging, circulation processing, distribution, information processing and intangible services provided to customers; Modern logistics industry refers to the collection of various economic activities such as transportation, warehousing, loading and unloading, handling, packaging, circulation processing, distribution, information processing and intangible services provided to customers by using modern information means

"logistics" evolved from the concept of military logistics engineering during the Second World War. Now it has been expanded to the field of circulation, production and other fields of social and economic life. Under the situation that production and consumption are separated from time and space and this separation is expanding day by day, in order to ensure the smooth progress of social and economic activities and enterprise production and achieve good economic benefits, logistics has become an organic bridge between "supply" and "demand"

basic concept of logistics market

logistics market refers to the service market and auxiliary markets such as packaging, loading and unloading, handling, etc. required for the flow and temporary stay of goods formed to ensure the smooth progress of production and circulation

logistics market is a new service market and a compound industry. The development of modern logistics industry requires all logistics resources to enter the market. Through the logistics market, we can optimize resource allocation, realize economies of scale, improve logistics efficiency and reduce logistics costs

significance of cultivating logistics market

cultivating logistics market is an important way to improve circulation function and improve logistics efficiency

on the one hand, non logistics enterprises can improve their core competitiveness and market share by outsourcing logistics services; On the other hand, logistics services realize the market operation mode of exchange through the market mechanism, which changes the traditional operation mode of mutual segmentation and self-service of transportation, warehousing, etc., improves efficiency, reduces transaction costs, and increases profit space

cultivating the logistics market is the objective requirement of China's entry into WTO. First, with the reduction of trade barriers, it will promote the formation of a unified domestic market and accelerate China's participation in the process of international division of labor and global economic integration, so as to provide a continuously expanding market space for the development of the logistics industry. Second, due to China's comparative advantages in labor costs and raw material supply and huge market prospects, many multinational companies are preparing to turn China into their manufacturing base, but they cannot bring a full set of logistics systems at the same time. This trend will undoubtedly increase new demand in China's logistics market. Morgan Stanley Asia Pacific Investment Research Group recently pointed out in its China logistics report that China's annual logistics costs exceed $200billion. China's integrated logistics service industry is a new and rapidly developing industry. It is expected that the revenue of such services will increase by 20% in the next 10 years

cultivating the logistics market is an important way to stimulate the effective demand of logistics

the decentralization of logistics management has seriously affected the development of modern logistics and set countless obstacles for the smooth flow of logistics. In addition to the disadvantages of macro logistics, such as self sealing, multiple policies, scattered transportation capacity, non convergence, and weak regulation of market mechanism, the self-supporting logistics problems of industrial and commercial enterprises that are common in micro logistics are also very serious, which can be summarized as the establishment of warehouses at home and the mobility of every household, which not only disperses social material and financial resources, but also limits the specialization of logistics The development process of intensification and marketization. This requires reforming the existing logistics system and enhancing the awareness of socialization and marketization of logistics in industrial and commercial enterprises. Theoretically, it is necessary to conduct a systematic and in-depth analysis and Discussion on the development and development of the logistics market. In a certain sense, promoting the development and maturity of the logistics market can stimulate effective logistics demand, reduce the logistics self-supporting rate, and is also the only effective way to promote the reform of the logistics system

current situation of international logistics market

the United States is the country with the earliest germination of logistics concept and the most developed and advanced modern logistics in the world today; After the 1950s, logistics was introduced into Japan and Europe

according to the changes in the operating environment, the development of the U.S. logistics industry is divided into two periods with 1980 as the boundary. Before 1980, there was a period of regulation - that is, a period of restricted competition. After 1980, the deregulation period - that is, the period of encouraging competition. The U.S. third-party logistics market developed rapidly during the period of. The annual turnover of the US third-party logistics market increased from US $2billion to US $56billion. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the annual turnover of the American third-party logistics market has increased by 15% - 20%

although Japan's logistics concept was introduced from the United States in the 1950s, it has developed rapidly and has become an advanced country in modern logistics. After the 1990s, the personalization, variety and small batch of products have become the mainstream of production and operation. The logistics management of the whole circulation system has developed rapidly from centralized logistics to multi frequency, small quantity and short-term. With the increasing sales competition, logistics services, as an important means of competition, have been highly valued in Japan. With the divestiture of internal logistics functions by manufacturing enterprises, a logistics industry composed of a large number of logistics subsidiaries of manufacturing enterprises and third-party logistics companies has formed in Japan

due to the common and open European market, the logistics industry in Europe shows a trend of further centralization. Many multinational companies will gradually reduce and integrate the logistics centers and distribution centers scattered in various countries in order to minimize logistics costs and improve economic benefits. With the development of world economic integration, European logistics centers and distribution centers provide services not only for their own countries, but also for other countries and regions

looking at the logistics market in developed countries, we can say that they have the following common characteristics:

(1) standardized market the norms of foreign logistics market are reflected in the standardization and perfection of laws and regulations. Since transportation activities have had a significant impact on domestic and international trade, governments of all countries have paid special attention to how to control and promote transportation activities and create an open, fair, competitive and orderly market environment for logistics enterprises. All these are usually guaranteed by sound laws and regulations in the deep development stage of industrialization, informatization, urbanization, marketization and internationalization in China

(2) mature market the maturity of foreign logistics market is reflected in the government's planning and unified layout of logistics network. In terms of logistics management, we should break industry segmentation and regional segmentation, and establish a unified, open, fair, competitive and orderly logistics market across regions, industries and the country

(3) market with scale it is obvious that the foreign logistics market has a certain scale. For example, in 2000, the scale of the U.S. logistics industry reached $900billion, twice that of the high-tech industry, accounting for more than 10% of the U.S. GDP

(4) global market. According to incomplete statistics, 60% of American distribution centers and 50% of Japanese distribution centers are distributed in Europe. With the development of world economic integration, the trend of logistics market globalization is becoming more and more obvious

current situation and problems of domestic logistics market

according to the typical survey results of China logistics market commissioned by a consulting organization by China Warehousing Association, among the 450 large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in household appliances, electronics, household chemicals, food and other industries, all commissioned third-party logistics accounted for 52% of the surveyed enterprises; 68.8% were self-care and entrustment, of which enterprises with entrustment ratio below 30% accounted for 42.3% of the surveyed enterprises; The entrusted content is mainly pure transportation, accounting for 45.1% of the surveyed enterprises. Industrial enterprises are dissatisfied with the entrusting party, accounting for 30.8% of the surveyed enterprises. The reasons for dissatisfaction are: high cost, slow response, and many damaged products. 45.3% of enterprises are looking for new logistics agents, among which specially designed fixtures or tooling will be required to meet special experimental standards. 75% of enterprises choose new logistics companies, and 64.3% of enterprises hope that new logistics companies will provide comprehensive logistics services when the difference in use data is reduced to a minimum

from the survey results, it can be seen that China's industrial enterprises have gradually developed from the past demand for simple warehousing and transportation to the demand for integrated logistics including warehousing and transportation; Industrial enterprises have gradually developed from "large and comprehensive" and "small and comprehensive" self logistics to seeking qualified third-party logistics providers

problems in China's logistics market:

first, there is a lack of policy guidance and norms. Market economy is a legal economy, but the laws and regulations matching the construction and development of logistics market in China have not been established and improved. In this way, the threshold of entering the logistics market is high and low. If it is too high, logistics resources are difficult to enter, and optimal allocation is impossible; But if it is too low, there will be a rush to mess up the market order

second, logistics enterprises have small business scale and low market share

logistics enterprises have small business scale and low market share, which makes it difficult for modern logistics technology to play effectively in these enterprises. There are many kinds of logistics companies with uneven scale and level, which hinder the optimization and integration of logistics resources and the coordinated development of structure, and affect the expansion of large-scale professional logistics services

third, there is a lack of logistics service intermediary organizations. Logistics service intermediary organization has dual identities. For the supply subject, it is the logistics demander, and for the demand subject, it is the logistics supplier. Especially in today's world economic globalization and integration, logistics service intermediary organizations can even play a role that cannot be replaced by the government. Compared with developed market economy countries, the development of logistics service intermediary organizations in China is seriously insufficient and far from meeting the needs of the development of market economy. In addition, they usually grow up not in the environment of free competition, but as a subsidiary body of administrative organs, so there are many defects in professional skills and professional ethics

ideas and Countermeasures for cultivating the logistics market

strengthen the development of logistics demand

speed up the development of the logistics market. In the long run, the most important thing is to enhance the logistics demand. Therefore, we must strengthen and improve the logistics service function at the same time, strengthen the development of logistics demand, strive for a larger space service radius, strive for more market share in the space radius, and strive for more value-added services in the market share, Obtain more economic benefits

developing logistics demand is the key to cultivating logistics market. Specifically, we should actively guide industrial and commercial enterprises to establish logistics functions on the basis of strengthening their own logistics management, peel off inefficient logistics departments and facilities, gradually realize the socialization of enterprise logistics activities, and cultivate a broad and solid market demand foundation for the development of modern logistics industry. At the same time, the form and quality of logistics supply and whether it can bring cost saving economic benefits to enterprises are important factors that determine whether enterprises will participate in the logistics market. It can be said that supply will promote demand from another perspective,

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