How to curb the resurgence of fire hazards after r

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How to curb the "resurgence" phenomenon after the rectification of fire hazards

in the practice of fire protection, the fire supervision department tracked and supervised the fire hazards of some units, especially the major fire hazards, almost every day, every month and every year, but in some units, the fire hazards appeared, the old hidden dangers had not been changed, and new hidden dangers appeared again, Some of them are also very familiar with the security situation of various factories and construction sites. Repeated rectification and rectification have occurred repeatedly. This "resurgence" phenomenon cannot but attract the high attention of the society. Which fire hazards are prone to "moisture regain"? Why is there a "ebb tide" phenomenon? The following analysis is made on the "resurgence" phenomenon of fire hazards

I. cause analysis of fire hazards

(I) social units are not willing to standardize fire safety management and rectify fire hazards, and the illegal cost is low. Following the old management mode and the inherent selfish motivation of business units, many social units have shown a tendency of weak subjective will in standardizing their own fire safety management and actively eliminating and rectifying fire hazards, especially the non-public enterprises in the early stage of development. Because they are mostly in the stage of primitive accumulation of capital, the "family" management mode and psychological factors eager to maximize economic benefits lead to their risky management, According to the catalogue, the materials for removing the upper cover of the reducer can be divided into three categories: advanced basic materials, key strategic materials and cutting-edge new materials. The anti safety management work has been in a low-level cycle for a long time. Analyzing the reasons, first, the understanding is not in place, which is mainly manifested in taking chances of fire accidents and knowing little about the laws that should be borne; Second, the definition of interests is not clear, the concept of safety equals economic benefits is vague, and the proportion of safety investment, especially the capital investment for fire hazard rectification, to the loss caused by possible fire is not clear, which does not produce benefit driven effect; Third, the sanctions and implementation of laws and regulations are insufficient, resulting in the low cost of illegal activities of social units, which subjectively has the negative psychology of using abnormal interpersonal relationships to muddle through, as well as paying some fines and spending money

(II) the awareness of the social masses to safeguard their own safety rights and interests is weak, and their enthusiasm to participate in socialized fire safety management is not high. Due to the relative weakening of public opinion guidance and publicity and education, for a long time, the public has consciously or unconsciously positioned themselves at the level of being implemented fire publicity and being rescued and protected by the public security fire department, but they do not pay enough attention to the public fire safety right that their personal and property safety is not endangered by fire when engaging in production and living activities, and their awareness of safeguarding rights is weak, coupled with insufficient information disclosure related to public fire safety Asymmetry leads to the lack of initiative and purpose of the public in the exercise of certain rights to know, report, supervise, claim compensation, demand elimination of hazards and request protection according to law. Moreover, because China has not yet established and improved the corresponding rights protection institutions or rights protection contents, there is no way for the public to complain, and there is no corresponding rights protection compensation or legal support from relevant departments, which also frustrates the enthusiasm of defenders to a great extent

(III) the government is not sufficient in public security affairs, administrative behavior is biased, and macro decision-making does not take safety as the starting point. During the planned economy period, the omnipotence of the government and its limited financial regulation and control capacity limited its bearing capacity to provide public services for the society, resulting in an embarrassing situation that local governments "manage the fire work if they want, and ignore it if they don't want". Since the market economic system has played a leading role, the government has gradually changed from an unlimited government to a limited government, and providing services and public safety products to the society has naturally become one of the main functions of the government. However, due to the influence of traditional thinking and the concept of giving priority to the political achievements of economic construction, when hitting a high tonnage, some local governments' governance value goals are misplaced, and they do not first position their functions in ensuring the public safety rights and interests of taxpayers, and then do not take sufficient actions in guiding, ensuring and maintaining public fire safety, which leads to some local fire business funds, urban fire planning The construction of urban public fire-fighting facilities has seriously lagged behind economic and social development. In the public safety affairs involving the rectification of major fire hazards, the attitude was unclear, the administration did not act, and the relevant functions were not effectively gathered through organization, coordination, supervision and other work measures to form a joint rectification force, so as to improve the effectiveness and credibility of fire rectification. What's more, for the sake of local and immediate economic interests, some local governments blindly emphasize benefits and ignore safety, use administrative means to intervene in fire law enforcement, and even take reducing fire safety standards as a "preferential" condition for attracting investment, resulting in a very prominent situation of "getting on the bus before buying a ticket" or even "not buying a ticket after getting on the bus" in economic construction work, artificially leaving inadequate fire protection design Congenital fire hazards such as unqualified fire-fighting facilities

II. The phenomenon of "resurgence" of fire hazards

timely remediation of fire hazards is an important part of fire protection work. Eradicating the "resurgence" of fire hazards is an effective way to improve the efficiency of fire control work. The common phenomenon of "resurgence" of fire hazards can be summarized in the following forms:

1. The same fire hazard is generated and eliminated in another unit or unit soon after it is generated and eliminated in one part, but this phenomenon rarely occurs

2. It is common for different types of fire hazards to occur frequently in a unit or part from generation to elimination

3. Fire hazards of "rectification while modification" and "delicate penetration". The rectification of fire hazards can be divided into on-the-spot rectification and rectification within a time limit according to the difficulty of rectification. The rectification of shutdown and business suspension appears as a form of fire punishment, and it is not often used for general fire hazards. However, while rectifying and operating, for a long time, the relevant personnel are accustomed to fire hazards, turn a blind eye, gradually develop the habit of perfunctory, and constantly produce new fire hazards in the process of rectification

4. Operators only pursue economic benefits, constantly increase the scale of business or change the nature of use, and constantly breed new fire hazards in the process of transformation

5. The owners, employees and fire management personnel, the fire management lags behind, and the fire organization is always in the initial state. They have insufficient understanding of fire hazards and cannot be identified clearly

6. the production scale is becoming larger and larger, the functions are becoming more and more complete, and the institutions are becoming more and more complex. However, the form of fire control organization, the mode of fire control management, the amount of fire control investment, the ineffective disposal of fire hazards, and the rise and fall of fire hazards

7. Insufficient understanding of fire hazards and improper rectification methods. Some of them adopt old methods such as watching and guarding to deal with fire hazards, or only change one of them, not completely

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